“How many meters?” This time, I will talk about the palm tree that has fallen into account. Almost all of them are palm trees that give a tropical air to their location and attract attention with their interesting and aesthetic silhouette …
Especially in tropical climates; Palm trees grown in Asia, America, the Pacific Islands and Africa; Turkey also shows that the size of our city coastline. It is a large family with more than 200 genera and more than 2600 species. It has evergreen, palmate or pinnate compound leaves. Foliation generally on top and in fan form; palm is its most distinctive feature that distinguishes it from many plants.
Palm varieties that can be grown in our country are:
1- Chamaerops Humilis L. (Mediterranean Fan Palm, Dwarf Mediterranean Palm Tree)
Its natural distribution area is Spain, Morocco, Libya, southern Italy from Tuscany, Sicily, Sardinia and the islands of Malta. It is an evergreen species. It is a species that loves light and sun, but is also semi-shade and cold-resistant. (It has been observed that he can see -12 degrees.)
It is generally a multi-stemmed shrub and a slow-growing palm species. They can be up to 6 meters tall, but they are generally 3 meters on average. For this reason, they are also called dwarf palm. Leaves are fan-shaped. It has a long, thorny stem. It has colors ranging from green to silvery or blue. Flowering is from March to May. Fruits ripen in autumn, 1-4 cm in size. These tiny fruits, in round or oval shape, are reddish brown in color. Palm Tree Types Florida
It can be grown in pots as an indoor plant, and its use in landscape architecture is rock gardens as well as park gardens.
Palm Tree Types and Features
Chamaerops humilis L.
2- Phoenix Canariensis Chabaud (Canary Islands Date)
Although its natural distribution is the Canary Islands, as a result of its culture, it is spread over a wide area today. It is an evergreen species. It is a species that loves light and sun very much.
They are trees that can grow up to 20 m. The leaves are hairy and can grow up to 5-7 m. The body diameter can grow up to 8 meters. The leaf consists of leaflets with pricking tips perpendicular to its main axis. Its yellowish green odorless flowers begin to open in spring. But it is very small and uncertain. It starts to give plum-like red fruits in the autumn season.
It can be used in places such as highways, coastal parks, as well as in rock gardens.
Palm Tree Types and Features
Phoenix canariensis chabaud
3- Phoenix Dactylifera L. (Arabian Palm)
It is a species that naturally spreads in West Asia and North Africa. The fruit of the Phoenix genus is the only type that can be eaten and the fruit is called a date palm. Evergreen is green. It is a species that loves light and sun very much.
Trunks of trees that can grow up to 30 m are covered with dried leaf bottoms. Leaves are hairy, dull green, directed upwards and clustered at the top. Leaflets are stinging and long. The flower is in a highly branched compound cluster on an established stem. The flowers are cream colored, very small and indistinct. It begins to bear fruit in late summer and early autumn. Its oval, yellow-orange, dark red or brown fruits can grow up to 6 cm.
It can be used in parks and gardens as well as for the production of edible fruit.
Palm Tree Types and Features, Palm Tree Types Florida
Phoenix dactylifera L.
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4- Phoenix Theophrasti Greuter
The species, also known as Datca date, is distributed in datca, Bodrum, Kumluca and Crete in Greece. It is a species that loves light and sun very much. Evergreen is green.
In general, individuals of the species, which can be sized up to 10 m, can be found up to 15-17 m. Plumose
leaves are 3-5 m long at the tip of the trunk and form a dense hill. The feathery leaves are folded in the middle, piercing tips and bluish green in color. Flower boards are in large and multi-branched compound clusters. Its yellow, odorless and indistinct flowers bloom in spring. The fruit is in an upright position. When the fruit matures, it browns but cannot be eaten.
5- Trachycarpus Fortunei (Hook.) H. Wendl. (Chinese Fan Palm, Stranded Palm Tree)
The natural range of the species is China. However, today it has been cultivated in a wide geography. It is a species that loves light and sun very much. Evergreen is green.
It is a species with a cylindrical body that can grow up to 12 m, covered with dark brown fibers. Body diameter can be up to 2.5 meters thick. The leaves are fan-shaped, forming a large cluster at the top. The top of the leaves at the end of a long stem are dark green and the bottom is grayish. Its flowers are odorless, small and in the form of yellow spikes. It begins to give bluish and inedible fruits in late summer and early autumn. The strain is often confused with Chamerops humilis (Mediterranean Fan Palm).
This palm type is also used in parks and gardens.
Trachycarpus fortunei (Hook.) H. Wendl.
6- Washingtonia Filifera Wendl. (Palm tree)
Its natural distribution area is America and Mexico. It is an evergreen palm that loves light and sun.
This palm can grow up to 25 meters; it is usually 13-15 meters. Body diameter can reach 3-4 meters. Its long, stinging green leaves are simple. It produces odorless, yellow, small and indeterminate blooms in early or mid spring. In early summer, its fruits, like blackish orange plum, are not eaten.
Washingtonia filifera Wendl.
7- Washingtonia Robusta Wendl. (Mexican Fan Palm)
Its natural range is Mexico and the southern coasts of America. Palm Tree Types Florida , It is a species that loves light and sun very much. It is an evergreen species.
It can stretch up to 20-23 meters. The body diameter can be up to 3.5 meters thick. Its leaves are green, long and stinging like other palm species. Leaves at the top of the trunk are compound type. It yields small, cream-colored fruits with no scent, such as mid-spring or early summer. The orange plum fruits it gives off at the end of summer or early autumn are inedible.
It is used in parks and gardens in landscape architecture.